If your Toyota 4Runner has a humming noise at high speed, it can be distracting and, depending on the cause, dangerous.
We’ve outlined the most common reasons why a humming noise in your vehicle gets louder with speed. We’ve also provided an audio sample of each issue to help determine what’s causing the hum.
Toyota 4Runner Humming at High-Speed: Quick Info
|Likely Causes||Bad wheel bearings, tires, alignment, missing wheel weight(s)|
|Breakdown Risk?||None, but bad suspension components can be dangerous|
|Repair Expense||Varies, usually well under $1000|
How to Tell the Difference Between a Bad Wheel Bearing and Bad Tire
Bad wheel bearings and bad tires have a similar sound. You can tell them apart in most cases by doing this simple test on your Toyota 4Runner:
- Drive your vehicle at the slowest speed it takes to reproduce the humming noise.
- Wiggle the steering wheel back and forth. You’re looking to change your 4Runner’s load balance from one side to the other.
- Did the sound change as you moved the wheel? If it did, your vehicle likely has a faulty wheel bearing. If it didn’t change, it’s likely a tire-related problem.
If you suspect a bad wheel bearing, jack your 4Runner up and free-turn each wheel. If one sounds gritty, that wheel bearing will likely need replacing.
1. Defective Wheel Bearing
A defective wheel bearing is a very common reason your 4Runner will make a humming noise while driving. Here’s what a bad wheel bearing sounds like:
A bad wheel bearing can cause a humming sound. If your 4Runner has a worn wheel bearing, the sound will be slightly more high-pitched than a tire issue (you can play that sound below).
You can test all four wheel bearings when the vehicle is stationary. Jack up each wheel and spin it freely. If the wheel sounds “gritty” and is hard to turn, you likely found the humming sound’s cause.
You can also use the method outlined above, where you rock your 4Runner while it’s moving to see if there is a change in pitch. If there is, you’re usually looking at a worn wheel bearing and not a bad tire.
2. Tire Issues
Here’s the sound of a cupped tire:
If your Toyota 4Runner is suffering from uneven tire wear, you should be able to pick up the noise while driving around 30 MPH with it getting louder as you accelerate.
With uneven tire wear, you may also notice:
- Steering wheel vibration
- Jagged tire surface
- Images in mirrors look distorted at high speed
Wheel Out of Balance
If your 4Runner’s wheels are not correctly balanced, it can cause a humming noise when driving.
Tires are balanced with wheel weights when a new tire is installed. Balancing corrects any vibration before the tires go on the vehicle. Take a look behind the wheels. You can usually tell if a wheel weight fell off.
See the wheel weight above? Depending on where they are needed, they can be on the front or back of your 4Runner’s wheels. You’ll likely see the spot where the wheel bearing was.
Tires that are “cupped” or “scalloped” have uneven tread wear across the tire. Run your hand along the tread. If it’s cupped badly enough, you’ll feel the unevenness.
The following suspension issues usually cause cupping:
- Bad shocks/struts
- Bad ball/cv joints
- Poor wheel alignment
If you find cupping on the inside tread of your 4Runner’s tire, suspect an issue with the wheel alignment.
If the cupping is on the outside tread, it still could be an alignment issue. But it’s more likely your Toyota 4Runner has a suspension problem. Here’s more from Atlantic Motor car on cupping. Or, you can watch the video below. It picks up at the exact point where you can see what cupped tread looks like.
Large Tire Tread
A humming noise is normal if you’ve recently replaced your 4Runner’s tires with an aggressive tread.
Off-road and snow tread tires are notorious for making a loud humming sound.
A bad wheel bearing or suspension issue are the most common causes of humming when driving on the highway in the Toyota 4Runner. Here are some other things that can cause noise while at speed:
- Brakes– If the brakes have worn past their squealers, they’ll make noise at highway speed. The problem is, the noise is AWFUL. It feels like grinding. It can come and go depending on the wheel’s angle and the vehicle’s speed.
- Power Steering– A bad power steering pump can make a humming sound. The only problem is that it should be heard at any speed. You may only be noticing it while your 4Runner is moving. Try revving the engine while in Park and seeing if that creates the humming noise.
You can do a few simple tests to figure out what is causing a humming noise while driving at high speed in your Toyota 4Runner. It’s not a breakdown risk, but you can still end up stranded if the wheel bearing or suspension component causing the hum fails.