Ford F150 Engine Knocking Causes + How to Fix

One of the most alarming sounds you can hear from your Ford F150 is the engine knocking. Unfortunately, an engine knock can be a sign of significant engine problems.

The first thing you should do is check your F150’s oil. If it’s low, fill it up. If it appears frothy, there may be coolant getting into it.

Ford F150 engine knocking

This guide is designed to help you assess what is causing the knocking sound in your Ford F150. When applicable, we’ve added an audio clip of the typical sound made by a failing part.

Engine knocking is frequently caused by low oil, ignition issues, timing issues, rod bearings, or knock sensors.

Engine Knock Diagnosis:  Ford F150

Before you do any looking around, is the check engine light on?  

If it is, it’s time to get the diagnostic codes from the ECM and use those to help you find the problem.  If you don’t have an OBDII scanner, the local parts store will usually scan for codes for you as a courtesy.

If there’s no check engine light, going off of the sound type can help you deduce why your Ford F150 is knocking.

Ford F150 Engine Knocking Causes

Here are a few of the most common issues that would cause your F150’s engine to knock:

Low Oil

Low Oil

If your Ford F150 is low on oil, it’ll cause a harsh knock as the engine is starved for oil. There are three major reasons why oiling issues will cause your F150 to knock.

The knocking sound isn’t as deep as throwing a rod, but it’s very noticeable.

  • No oil at all
  • Lack of oil pressure (oil pump, worn engine, or sludge buildup from infrequent oil changes)
  • Water or coolant in the oil.

Bad Spark Plugs

Ford F150 Engine Knock Causes
Spark Knock

A prevalent reason that your F150’s engine will knock is bad spark plugs.  Spark plugs are vital to proper engine combustion.  There must be a solid spark to achieve clean combustion. When the spark plugs aren’t burning right, your truck will spark knock.

Over time, spark plugs can fail for a few different reasons:

  • Wrong Plug– If you aren’t using the spark plug recommended by Ford, it would be a good idea to go ahead and swap them for the correct plug.  The wrong plug can burn too hot or cold, which has a direct effect on the combustion and cause engine knocking.
  • Worn-Out Plug– Spark plugs can wear out over time.  You need to replace the spark plugs at the recommended intervals.  If you have high mileage or the plugs look worn, go ahead and change them all.
  • Improper Gap– Almost all modern vehicles take pre-gapped spark plugs. But you should still check the gap when you install them. Now and then, you’ll be surprised by one. Check your gap if you’ve recently had your F150’s plugs replaced and you’re now hearing a knock.
  • Spark Timing– All of the internal parts of your Ford F150’s engine, as well as the sensors and computer, coordinate the engine timing so that the spark plug fires at precisely the right moment.  If something is off with this timing, the fuel will fire at the wrong time, and there can be a knock.

Spark plugs are the most common part of the ignition system that can cause your F150 to knock, and definitely where you should start looking.  But there are other parts, such as the coil packs and plug wires (if equipped), that you should be looking at.

The coil pack sends a spark to your truck’s plugs.  If they send a weak spark, the air/fuel mixture will not be able to properly fire, no matter how good the spark plugs are.

See also:

Timing Chain Jumped Symptoms and Diagnosis
Ford F150: Bad Timing Belt or Chain Symptoms

Rod Knock/Worn Bearings

Rod Knock

A rod knock is perhaps the easiest knock type to identify. It’s deep and loud.

Rod bearings exist in between the crankshaft and piston connecting rods.  When they wear out, the space between the rod bearings and connecting rods grows. As the crank turns in a circle, the connecting rods bang into the bearing and make a deep knocking sound. 

If your F150 has a sound coming from it like the sound above, the engine will need a rebuild or replacement.

Other Causes

Here are other knocking causes, but they aren’t as common as the ones listed above.

Carbon Deposits

Carbon can form at the top of your F150’s combustion chamber.  This effectively increases the compression ratio.  Too much compression can lead to detonation.

Modern fuels are required to keep carbon cleaning detergents mixed in with them.  Even so, deposits still build, leading to a knocking sound.  

If this is the case, you will need to bring your F150 into a shop to have it cleaned.  You could also try one of those cleaners in a bottle, although we recommend getting it to a professional.

Wrong Octane/Bad Gas

Bad fuel can cause your F150’s engine to knock.  The wrong fuel can also cause a knocking sound.  

Using fuel with the proper octane rating is essential.  If you need to be using premium fuel, use it.

Air/Fuel Mixture Too Lean

Sensor issues can cause the air/fuel mixture to lean out.  If the mixture gets incredibly lean, it can cause your F150’s engine to knock.  Bad fuel injectors, oxygen sensors, MAF sensor, and more can cause a lean air/fuel mixture.

Knock Sensor

Modern engines use a knock sensor to correct knocking automatically.  If the knock sensor goes bad, then the motor can knock.  A bad knock sensor will often throw a trouble code, such as P0325 (knock sensor “1”).

Exhaust Leak

An exhaust leak at or around the exhaust can make a noise, often mistaken for a knocking sound.


Above, we identified the most common causes of knocking in the Ford F150. Most of them are serious engine problems, so if you can’t figure out what’s causing them, we recommend bringing your truck to an experienced mechanic.